Menu Close

English Glossary

Biometric Verification

Any means by which a person can be uniquely identified by evaluating one or more distinguishing biological traits. These biological identifiers include fingerprints, hand and earlobe geometries, retina patterns, voice prints and written signatures. (General Data Protection Regulation, European Union, 2016)

The capability of the organization to continue delivery of products or services at acceptable predefined capacities following a disruption. (ISO 22313:2020)

The process of implementing and maintaining business continuity in order to prevent loss and prepare for, mitigate and manage disruptions. (ISO 22313:2020)

Ethically acceptable and evidence-based activities aimed at reducing the risk of crime occurring and its harmful consequences with the ultimate goal of working towards the improvement of the quality of life and safety of individuals, groups and communities. (European Crime Prevention Network)

The body of systems, networks and assets that are so essential that their continued operation is required to ensure the security of an organization, region, society, country. (U.S. Department of Homeland Security, website)

The practice of defending computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from malicious attacks. (Kaspersky, website)

To protect information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction in order to provide integrity, confidentiality, and availability. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, 2020)

A class of techniques, including collection, transport, protection, denial, disturbance, and degradation of information, by which one maintains an advantage over one’s adversaries (Burns, M. 1999)

Any actions taken to reduce the amount of theft, breakage, or wastage in a business. (Collins dictionary)

A system of policies and procedures which aim to manage and minimize the risk of people exploiting legitimate access to an organization’s assets or premises for unauthorized purposes. (UK Government publication, Personnel and People security, 2020)

To take active as well as passive measures, designed to deter intruders, prevent unauthorized access, including theft and damage, to assets such as personnel, equipment, installations, materials, and information, and to safeguard these assets against threats such as espionage, sabotage, terrorism, damage, and criminal activity. (Center for Development of Security Excellence, 2017)

A continuous cycle of planning, organizing, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating, and taking corrective action in an effort to ensure effective coordination during incident response (Keim, M. 2021)

To restore and return business activities from the temporary measures adopted during and after a disruption. (ISO 22301:2019)

The ability to anticipate, withstand, recover from, and adapt to adverse conditions, stresses, attacks, or compromises on systems. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, 2020)

Security force (security guards, police force or law enforcement officers) that prevent adversarial success. Response consists of interruption and neutralization.

Effect of uncertainty on objectives. (ISO 31000)

To comprehend the nature of risk and its characteristics including, where appropriate, the level of risk. (ISO 31000)

Overall process of risk identification, risk analysis and risk evaluation. (ISO 31000)

To compare the results of the risk analysis with the established risk criteria to determine where additional action is required. (ISO 31000)

To find, recognize and describe risks that might help or prevent an organization achieving its objectives. (ISO 31000)

Coordinated activities to direct and control an organization with regard to risk. (ISO 31000)

To select and implement options for addressing risk. (ISO 31000)

To apply a set of principles, framework, processes and measures to prevent accidents, injuries and other adverse consequences. (Skybrary, website)

To protect (business) operations from disruption and harm, including people, information, assets, and reputation through procedural, technical, and physical risk mitigation and control measures. (Smith and Brooks 2012; Fischer et al. 2008; Talbot and Jakeman 2009).

A person employed/contracted to guard, patrol and protect premises, property or people.

To monitor a person or place (e.g. by cameras), because of a crime that has happened or is expected. (Cambridge dictionary, adjusted)